NAVA (National Audiovisual Archive of Hungary) constitues the legal deposit archive of the Hungarian national broadcasters. Its scope of collection comprises the programmes of the national broadcasters produced in or relating to Hungary. In addition, NAVA also maintain special collections by accepting any other audiovisual content facilitating the preservation of audiovisual content as part of the cultural heritage.
The Archive started operating on January 1, 2006. NAVA is operated by MTVA Digitalizációs Műhely Kft.
As a special feature, NAVA provides on-line access to its collection within the framework regulated by law: the database of its archives can be freely searched and the programmes can be viewed in full at the so-called NAVA-points (terminals in libraries, schools etc.)
More and more EU member states are establishing or have established similar archives. The tendency is for a single central archive to store the programmes of all the major national television and radio stations, irrespectively of the broadcasters’ own archives. For example, in the United Kingdom the BFI Film and Television Archive receives a copy of each BBC programme, even though the BBC also operates its own archive. However, the NAA established in Holland in 1997 works as the central archive for all Dutch broadcasters. Activity is not regulated by laws or regulations in every country. In France and Sweden regulations stipulate the provision of a legal deposit, while in Holland and the United Kingdom, for example, collection is carried out on the basis of an agreement concluded between the broadcasters and the archives, approved by the state. These differences basically depend on the legal practice of the individual country; however, it can be stated that the relationship of broadcasters and archives is everywhere secured by the state, since central broadcast archiving needs the state’s participation.
The other observable main trend is that these central archives primarily serve public research; they only serve production and reutilization secondarily. We met public library service, as the basic function of these institutions in each examined case. It is a secondary and technological issue whether on-line or off-line services are provided. However, the trend is clearly towards on-line services and thus should be applicable to us, too.